In December 1974, a conference of the Ministers of education, social welfare and culture of various States of the country was held in India, which was devoted to the issues of broad involvement of youth and students in sports, ways, and methods of further development of sports in the country. Indian athletes take part in World Championships, Asian games, British Commonwealth games, Davis Cup tennis games, regional table tennis, grass hockey, volleyball, and other sports.
The Lakshmibai national college of physical education was established by the government and the National Council of physical education in Gwalior in 1957. It is one of the two national institutes of physical culture and sports in the country. It trains coaches and teachers of physical education for schools, colleges, and universities, conducts research in the field of physical culture and sports. The term of study at the College is three years. There is a postgraduate program of sports news in Hindi.
In India, there are:
- All India hockey Federation;
- All India tennis Federation;
- All India chess Federation (unites chess players from the southern regions of the country. The fifth year in a row champion is India’s only international master clerk from Madras Manuel Aaron);
- National wrestling Federation;
- National Athletics Federation;
- National cricket Federation;
- National Football Federation.
The creation of a national volleyball Federation is currently under consideration.
Sports education in India is beginning to be based on science
This is facilitated by the creation of research centers of physical culture and sports. The national institute of sports was established in 1961 in Patiala by special decree of the government of India. It deals with the same issues as the national College of physical education named after Lakshmibai. Since 1963, it has opened individual three-year courses in many sports: swimming, basketball, table tennis, and cricket.
Previously, the Institute trained coaches in grass hockey, wrestling, volleyball, gymnastics, athletics, football, and badminton. From 1961 to 1973 the national Institute of sports live in Patiala produced over 2 thousand coaches in various sports.
India is a member of the Iternational Olympic Committee (IOC). The IOC member for India has been Raja Bhalindra Singh since 1974. Representatives of India are members of many international associations and sports federations: the International University Sports Federation (FISU), the International Railway Sports Union (USIC), and the World Chess Federation (FIDE). Every year, India’s sports ties with socialist countries are expanding, which in particular helps India train national sports personnel. At various times, Soviet wrestling, track, and weightlifting coaches worked in India. Soviet chess players and gymnasts visited India with demonstration performances. In recent years, Soviet and Indian athletes have held friendly matches in football, wrestling, and met in a semi-final match for the Davis Cup in tennis. Indian athletes participated in the Armed Forces athletics championship.
India was the first Asian country to join the Olympic movement. Athletes from India participated in the 1900 Games in Paris, where N. Pritchard won silver medals in the 200 m race and 200 m hurdle race. Since 1920 India has been represented in all the Olympic games. Indian athletes have achieved excellent results in field hockey competitions. The Indian team participated in 10 Olympic tournaments in this sport and won 7 gold, 1 silver, and 2 bronze medals.